CONDITIONAL SENTENCES
ZERO CONDITONAL
FIRST CONDITIONAL
SECOND CONDITIONAL
THIRD CONDITIONAL
MIXED CONDITIONAL
MIXED CONDITIONAL
MIXED CONDITIONAL
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Conditional sentences

1. CONDITIONAL SENTENCES

2. ZERO CONDITONAL

IF … PRESENT SIMPLE…,
… PRESENT SIMPLE
Examples:
1) If/When people get sick, they take medicine.
2) Everyone turns on the lights if/when it gets
dark.
3) If a person doesn’t eat meat, he/she is
probably a vegetarian.
NB! Обратите внимание на запятые в
предложениях .

3. FIRST CONDITIONAL

IF … PRESENT SIMPLE…,
… FUTURE SIMPLE
Examples:
1) If I find that book, I will bring it to you
tomorrow.
2) He will call us if he arrives today.
3) If you are at home now, we will come round.

4. SECOND CONDITIONAL

IF … PAST SIMPLE…,
WOULD + V
(wish, usually unreal concerning present or
future, it hardly possible)
Examples:
1) If I were rich, I would travel around the
world.
2) If it were Sunday today, I would go out with
my friends.
3) They would be happy if they had children.

5. THIRD CONDITIONAL

IF … PAST PERFECT …,
WOULD+HAVE+Ved / V3
(wish & regret concerning past)
Examples:
1) If you hadn’t forgotten your passport, we
wouldn’t have missed the train.
2) She wouldn’t have lost her cell phone if she
had put it into her bag.

6. MIXED CONDITIONAL

SECOND CONDITIONAL
IF … PAST SIMPLE…,
WOULD + V
THIRD CONDITIONAL
IF … PAST PERFECT …, WOULD+HAVE+Ved/V3
1) IF … PAST SIMPLE…, WOULD+HAVE+Ved/V3
наст. / буд.
прош.
2) IF … PAST PERFECT …, WOULD + V
прош.
наст./буд.

7. MIXED CONDITIONAL

1) IF … PAST SIMPLE…, WOULD+HAVE+Ved/V3
наст. / буд.
прош.
If I had a car, I would have picked you up from the
airport. (Если бы у меня была машина [а ее у меня
нет], я бы забрал тебя с аэропорта [но я не забрал т.к.
у меня нет машины].)
I would have invited Jane to my birthday party if I
knew her well. (Я бы пригласила Джейн на день
рождения [а я не пригласила], если бы знала ее
хорошо [но я плохо знаю ее и поэтому не
пригласила.])

8. MIXED CONDITIONAL

2) IF … PAST PERFECT …, WOULD + V
прош.
наст./буд.
If I hadn’t eaten so much ice-cream, I would have a
sore throat now. (Если бы я не съела так много
мороженого [а ее съела], у меня бы не болело сейчас
горло.)
He wouldn’t be sad now if he hadn’t crashed his new
car. (Он не был бы сейчас таким подавленным, если
бы не разбил свою новую машину.)
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