Psychology of personality
1. Psychology of personality
What is personality?
Famous theories from
3. IntroductionWhat is personality?
4. PersonalityPersonality is everything that makes you who
Personality is the traits and characteristics
which contribute to your interests, hobbies,
behaviors, thoughts, mental health, and
7. Sigmund freud’s theoryAccording to Sigmund Freud, human
personality is complex and has more than a
single component. In his famous
psychoanalytic theory, Freud states that
personality is composed of three elements
known as the id, the ego, and the superego.
These elements work together to create
complex human behaviors.
8. Tripartite Theory of PersonalityID
The id is the primitive
The ego develops in
order to mediate
between the unrealistic
id and the external real
incorporates the values
and morals of society
which are learned from
one's parents and
10. Personality development2
11. Personality developmentWhat is personality
All the things that goes into making this
individual unique and different from
others is personality development.
Our reactions and personality
development process would be different.
People who are brought up in the same
household will develop their own peculiar
pattern of reacting and responding
various situations they face.
Various factors that contribute to the
type of personality that is formed.
These are: temperament, environment and
character and they may have a negative or
positive effect on personality development.
12. Aspects of Personality DevelopmentNeuroticism
This trait describes an
individual’s outgoing or
This manifests itself in
behaviour that shows
It describes an individual’s
ability to stay balanced
and stable when faced
with tough challenges.
This describes the
open mindedness of
This trait describes
how an individual
controls, regulates and
Those who are low in
extraversion are less outgoing
and prefer to stay by
themselves. The introverts
have less energy and love to
The ones who score high in it
enjoy relating with people
and are enthusiastic about
life and very action-oriented.
These are extroverts.
14. AgreeablenessHigh score
Those who score high here are
very empathetic with others
and accommodate them.
The ones that score low are selfish and
lack empathy. They seem to always be in
competition with others and try to
manipulate their way through situations
instead of co-operating with others.
Those with a high score here
tend to desire harmonious
living and put aside their own
interests in order to please
others. They believe that
people are honest and
While those that score low would be
good scientists, critics or soldiers.
15. NeuroticismEmotional stability
Those who score high in
emotional stability react less
emotionally and don’t get
upset easily. They are usually
calm and stable, though it does
not mean they experience a lot
of positive feelings.
Those who are low in emotional
stability are emotionally reactive
and feel threatened or get into
bad moods even in a normal
situation. They may also find it
difficult to think clearly when
they are stressed.
A person who scores high here will
enjoy trying new things.
They tend to be imaginative and
generally open minded about
Others who score low would be
close minded and prefer
routine. They are resistant to
change and would be very
17. ConscientiousnessIndividuals who score high with this
personality trait tend to have a high level of
self discipline. They always follow a plan
instead of acting on the spur of the moment.
This makes them successful in their
endeavours and able to achieve their goals.
They are seen as responsible and reliable.
They may also be workaholics and
perfectionists which may make them boring
that personalities can shift, change and
evolve. There are various patterns and
consistencies with certain personalities.
Different theories and personality types
can apply to various individuals. Life
experiences, biology, environment, social
settings, childhood and more can have a
significant impact on personalities.
20. Thanks!Do you have any questions?