“Green City” concept.
What does “Green city” mean?
Advantages of “Green City”
“Green Health City” Proposal by Peter Ruge Architekten
“Tianjin Eco-City” by Surbana Urban Planning Group
Green Tech City in Hanoi, Vietnam by Skidmore, Owings & Merrill (SOM)
Vision of “Bamboo city” by Penda
“Vertical Forest ” by Stefano Boeri
Категории: ЭкономикаЭкономика ЭкологияЭкология

“Green City” concept

1. “Green City” concept.

Done by: st-t of Arch. 15-8** Khametova K. T.
Checked by: assist. prof. FA Knyazeva O.A.

2. What does “Green city” mean?

A green city is a community of residents, workers, and
visitors who strive together to balance ecological,
economic, and social needs to ensure a clean, healthy
and safe environment for all members of society and for
generations to come. The green city means a way to
increase the sustainability of urbanized areas. It is a
concept of urban planning relying on the ecosystem
services that green infrastructure can supply. In essence,
this concept includes the characteristics of all the urban
concepts described previously (city meeting with nature,
restoring the values of urban ecosystem, minimizing
resource and energy consumption, and taking
advantage of the ecosystem services of the blue-green
natural components).

3. Advantages of “Green City”

Health benefits
•Recuperation rate faster in hospitals with green scenery
•Systolic blood pressure gets lower with increasing % urban parks
Ecosystem services lie at the core of the concept
Fresh air and water
Nutrient cycling
Detoxification of harmful substances
Flood control

4. “Green Health City” Proposal by Peter Ruge Architekten

Designed to support and promote
the condition of physical and
emotional human health, the
Green Health City proposal by
Peter Ruge Architekten is an
ecologically sustainable
development located in China’s
Hainan Province, in Boao
Lecheng on the Wanquan River.
By establishing a cross-disciplinary
and inter-cultural approach to
design that is routed in China’s
long history, a comprehensive
and well considered masterplan
scheme is achieved.



Five island districts bring
together world-class medical
facilities, employ new strategies
for green energy production
and rethink transportation
networking to achieve a
sustainable urban prototype.
Pathways toward a sustainable
future are forged through strong
ties to local identity and respect
for history.
A system of design is guided by
concepts related to; 5 Elements
- City of Creation; 5 Organs City of Health; 5 Senses - City of
Communication; 5 Islands - City
of Relaxation; and 5 Rings - City
of Individual Transport. Balance
between these cycles and
systems are applied to create a
harmonious planning
arrangement, promoting
positive energy flow within each
of the island districts and
throughout the development as
a whole.


In co-operation with Charitè , the
knowledge and expertise of more
than 100 clinics and institutions
worldwide will assure Green
Health City a place at the
international forefront of health
care development. This scheme
pioneers new models for
sustainable development in
China’s healthcare market, sets a
benchmark for the design of
ecological cities and a standard
for a healthy future, offering a gift
from China to the World for
keeping our blue planet healthy
and green.


Sustainable urban design that
prioritizes natural land use and
planning strategies minimises
energy consumption and
reduces building footprints. 70%
renewable energy production
facilitated through the use of
wind turbines, bio gas,
photovoltaic cells, hydraulic
systems and smart grid energy
saving devices for the storing
and distribution of power, will
service this 100% Co2 neutral
Environments that promote
health include a combination of
facilities that treat illness and
assist well-being through a five
star process involving diagnosis,
cure, rehabilitation,
rejuvenation, and prevention.
Check-up programmes with a
special focus on geriatric care
management and faculty’s
specific to the development
and application of stem cell
research form the nucleus of the
development complex.



Architects: Peter Ruge Architekten
Location: Wanquan River, Hainan Province, China
Project Team: Peter Ruge, Kayoko Uchiyama, Matthias Matschewski, Jan
Müllender, Alejandra Pérez Siller, Wang Youzhi, Maksym Iurovnikov, Xu
Zhenhua, Chung Yu
Project Partners: INFRAWIND EURASIA e.V. Berlin, Charité Berlin, Technische
Universität Berlin
Client: China Power International New Energy Holding LTD
Scope of Services: Concept master planning, preliminary design of city
districts, integrated transportation network planning, green energy concept
Total Area: 28 km²
Duration: 2012-2013

11. “Tianjin Eco-City” by Surbana Urban Planning Group

The model places a strong
emphasis on landscaping as
residential towers rise amidst the
parks, promenades and valleys
that create the plan’s primary
network.Designed by Surbana
Urban Planning Group, the
scheme divides the city into
seven sectors which vary in terms
of landscape and programmatic



Organized into seven parts, the
plan will boast a Lifescape, an
Eco-Valley, a Solarscape, an
Urbanscape, a Windscape, an
Earthscape and Eco-Corridors
that will offer residents a
different landscape ranging
from the stepped, terraced
greenery of the Earthscape to
the more futuristic soil-shaped
mounds of the Lifescape. While
some areas, such as the
Urbanscape, will be more
compact with higher density
buildings, the plan also provides
areas for smaller developments,
such as its Windscape section.


Users will be encouraged to take advantage of the city’s light rail system to navigate
the differing sections, and the public system will help to drastically reduce the city’s
carbon emissions.
In addition to the extensive use of landscaping, the project also incorporates
sustainable technologies – solar and wind power, rainwater harvesting, desalination, to
name a few.


The project is an interesting attempt to tie the necessary variety of urban
buildings together by a cohesive landscaped thread. The strength of the
proposal lies in the ability for the landscape itself to become a flexible entity that
is also defined and shaped to offer different experiences to users. This plan is
expected to be completed in 2020.


17. Green Tech City in Hanoi, Vietnam by Skidmore, Owings & Merrill (SOM)

Green Tech City in Hanoi, Vietnam
by Skidmore, Owings & Merrill (SOM)
Backed by Blenheim Properties, the
‘sustainable urban district’ will
cover 145 hectares and will
incorporate two existing villages,
eventually housing a population of
more than 20,000 people.
According to the practice the
plans ‘expand and reinforce the
local traditions and green urban
character of Hanoi.’


A spokesman said: ‘In
addition to a new linear
riverfront park, the
masterplan generates a
series of organic, low-rise,
neighbourhoods within
the planned ‘Green
Corridor’. This is balanced
by a more urban and
dense edge of high rise
development articulating
the future skyline of the
‘A complete urban living
environment will emerge
on site, including a
variety of housing types
integrated with schools,
healthcare clinics, sports
and other public



21. Vision of “Bamboo city” by Penda

Architecture studio Penda has unveiled new
CGI renderings detailing its vision for a city of
200,000 people that would be creating using an
innovative modular bamboo structure. Penda,
a Beijing- and Vienna-based studio, believes its
design for structures built from interlocking
horizontal and vertical bamboo rods could be
used to sustainably build the infrastructure of an
entire city by 2023.
" We believe that in present times a sustainable
way of construction is more valuable than ever,"
explained architects and studio co-founders
Dayong Sun and Chris Precht, who have been
using bamboo since their first project – a garden
gatehouse in China.



Penda first developed the bamboo
framework in 2014, after working on a
concept for a flexible modular hotel. It
involves connecting bamboo rods with
X-shaped joints of the same material,
then using lengths of rope to offer
additional strength.
The studio later realised that the system
could be expanded and used to create
much larger constructions – from
emergency housing to new urban
centres, and unveiled their first prototype
during Beijing Design Week last month. It
is called Rising Canes.


The architects envision the
components of the system being
produced in China's Anji County –
one of the largest bamboo export
regions in the world. Here, a new
community could be established at
the heart of a bamboo plantation.
"The system can grow to a habitat
for 20 families within the first nine
months," said Sun and Precht. "As
the number of inhabitants keeps
growing, the structure gets
extended to accommodate
multiple communal spaces, bridges
and even floating structures."



"By 2023 the bamboo development is extended to an urban configuration, inhabited by a
population of 20,000 people and surrounded by a bamboo grove of 250 acres," they added.
One of the main advantages of the system is that it becomes more stable as more joints are
added. This means multi-level structures could be easily created.
Structures can also be easily disassembled with minimum wastage, as components can be
reused several times.
"With this patient and natural expansion, the project describes a true ecological approach of
growth, which leaves no harm on the surrounding environment nor on the building material itself
and is therefore a counter-movement to a conventional way of the present construction
process," added the architects.
Sun and Precht founded Penda in 2013. Since then the pair has also designed a concept for a
customisable high-rise facade and a doughnut-shaped house based on the form of a tree



29. “Vertical Forest ” by Stefano Boeri

Italian architect Stefano Boeri has unveiled plans for a city near China's
Liuzhou, featuring towers completely covered in trees and plants to
combat air pollution.
The Liuzhou Forest City will feature nearly 40,000 trees and almost one million
plants, comprising 100 different species. The greenery is designed to trail
over balconies and the roofs of a series of skyscrapers spanning 175
hectares along the Liujiang river, in the mountainous area of Guangxi.



Following on from Boeri's past trials of "vertical
forests" in Milan and in Lausanne, the masterplan
forms part the architect's Forest City concept,
which will see cities made up of plant-covered
skyscrapers rolled out across China's urban areas
as a way to offset urban pollution.
The architect's studio Stefano Boeri Architetti has
also proposed a similar design for city in
Shijiazhuang, while its pair of plant-covered
skyscrapers recently broke ground in the centre of
Each scheme provides sustainable high-density
housing and office space packed heavily with
greenery, as a way to depollute the surrounding
environment by filtering dust particles from the air
and absorbing carbon dioxide.


This, combined with it's smogeating walls, will make the city a
world's first according to the
"For the first time in China and in
the world, an innovative urban
settlement will combine the
challenge for energy selfsufficiency and for the use of
renewable energy with the
challenge to increase biodiversity
and to effectively reduce air
pollution in urban areas – which is
really critical for present-day China
– thanks to the multiplication of
vegetable and biological urban


Other benefits of the schemes include reducing air temperature, providing noise barriers to
busy traffic areas and creating homes for birds, insects and small animals.
Construction for the project is slated to commence in 2020.
The Forest City concept follows a number of proposals by architects and designers to improve
the quality of air in cities. Others include Daan Roosegaarde's Smog Free Tower, which is
modelled on his pollution-eating vacuum cleaner, and a music school with a mossy roof
designed to absorb airborne pollutants.
Plant-covered buildings are also proving extremely popular with architects including Kengo
Kuma, Jean Nouvel and Herzog & de Meuron all covering projects in greenery.
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