1. Education system
2. in Russia
4. School• Education in Russia is compulsory for children between
the ages of 6 and 15. It consists of primary school
education for ages 6-10, followed by senior school for
ages 10-15. If a pupil of secondary school wishes to go on
in higher education, he or she must remain to complete
secondary school for 2 more years, from ages 15-17.
• Primary and secondary school includes 11 years of study.
Every school has a core curriculum of academic subjects.
After completing this stage, pupils are awarded
the Attestat o Srednem (Polnom) Obshchem
Obrazovanii (Certificate of Secondary Complete General
5. School• At 15 years old, children may choose to enter a vocational
school or non-university institute. These typically offer
programmes of academic subjects and a programme of
training in a technical field until students reach 17 or 18.
Such institutions used to be called technikum but now
most of them are known as colleges.
6. School• The Russian school year is comprised of 4 terms with
vacations in between; 1 week in November, 2 weeks in
January, 1 week in March and nearly 3 months in summer.
School is held from September 1 until the final week of
May, with exams in June.
• The school day normally starts at 8 a.m. and finishes at 1
or 2 in the afternoon. Students generally attend class 5
days a week, although some schools require extra study
7. School• A typical lasts 40 - 45 minutes with a 5 -15 minute break
in between. In primary school students have 4 classes a
day. This increases to 5 or 6 classes a day in secondary
school, and 6 or 7 at a senior high school.
• A normal class consists of 20-30 students. In primary
school, pupils have one teacher for all the subjects
8. SchoolSubjects and Grades
• Some subjects are mandatory such as Russian literature,
Russian language, Russian history, world history and the
maths and sciences. In addition, there are specialized
schools that concentrate on specific subjects.
• Students are normally graded on a scale from 2 - 5, with 5
being the top grade. Each student has his or her “diary”; a
personal book of academic achievements in which
teachers record the given grades.
9. SchoolPrivate and International Schools
• Private schools are relatively uncommon in Russia. Such
schools emphasize learning English and other critical
skills. Unlike state schools, private schools usually charge
• There are also international schools for expat children in
major Russian cities, such as the Anglo-American School
of Moscow. Established by the US, UK and Canadian
Embassies in Moscow, the school features state of the art
facilities and equipment.
13. Higher educationIn
14. Higher education
After finishing senior secondary school, students can go on to
higher education. All applicants must take a competitive
exam. Most higher education programmes in Russia offer 5
years of study for undergraduates in a variety of fields.
There are several types of higher education institutions.
are Universitet (University), Academia (Academy),Institut (Ins
and Konservatoria (Conservatory).
Universities, academies and institutes have similar functions.
Technical universities offer specialized instruction such as
learning a skill, and conservatories offer lessons in music.
15. Higher education
Higher education is provided by public and non-public (nonState) accredited institutions. In public institutions students
must pass competitive exams to be admitted. Those few who
achieve outstanding results are awarded scholarships.
Approximately 1/3rd of students pay for their studies. At
Moscow State University 3,400 students study on
scholarships while another 1,000 pay tuition. In most nonpublic establishments all students pay tuition fees without
receiving any financial help.
Higher education in Russia consists of 3 levels: incomplete (2
years); basic (4 years) and postgraduate (at least 5-6 years).
16. Higher educationIncomplete Higher
The first stage of Russian
university studies consists of
at least 2 years in a higher
education study programme.
Incomplete Higher Education)
gives students the right to
get jobs that require some
training but not a degree.
17. Higher educationBasic Higher
A Bakalavr's degree
Bachelors degree in the US
or Western Europe. The
programme usually takes 5
years of full-time studying.
In medicine, the first stage
lasts for 6 years.
18. Higher educationBasic Higher
Standards regulate nearly
80% of curriculum content.
responsible for the other
20%. The programmes
cover disciplines in the
sciences, humanities and
19. Higher educationBasic Higher
The Bakalavr's degree
(except Medicine) after
research project under the
guidance of a supervisor
and sitting for final state
20. Higher educationPostgraduate Higher
• Those who hold a Bakalavr's or
have completed 5-6 years of
continuous study beyond the high
the Magistr's degree programme.
This Specialist Programme is
equivalent to a Master’s Degree
in the US or Western Europe.
• To obtain the Magistr's degree
students must carry out a year of
research with the objective of
preparing and defending a thesis.
21. Higher educationKandidat Nauk
Those who hold a Specialist
a Magistr's can
the Aspirantura (postgraduate
education period) by passing
in Aspirantura last for 3 years,
at the end of which students
must pass qualifying exams.
22. Higher educationKandidat Nauk
equivalent to a PhD in the US
or Western Europe. Students
must carry out independent
defend their dissertation in
23. Higher educationKandidat Nauk
The highest degree in Russia
is Doctor Nauk, equivalent to
Professor. This programme is
specific and does not have a
awarded after preparation and