2. GeographyContinent: North America
Region: Northern America
Area Ranked 2nd
• Total 9,984,671 km2
• Land 91.08%
• Water 8.92%
Borders: 8,893 km
Highest point: Mount Logan
Lowest point: Atlantic Ocean
Longest river: Mackenzie River
Largest lake: Great Bear Lake
Climate temperate in south to
subarctic or arctic in north
Terrain mostly plains with mountains
in west and lowlands in southeast
4. Major Cities in OntarioVictoria Falls
5. LanguageCanada has two official languages: English, the mother tongue of about 59% of Canadians; and French,
the first language of 23% of the population. A full 18% have either more than one mother tongue or a
mother tongue other than English or French, such as Chinese, Italian, German, Polish, Spanish,Portuguese,
Punjabi, Ukrainian, Arabic, Dutch, Tagalog, Greek, Vietnamese, Cree, Inuktitut, or other languages.
6. Political systemCanada is a constitutional monarchy and a federal state with
a democratic parliament. The Parliament of Canada, in
Ottawa, consists of the House of Commons, whose members
are elected, and the Senate, whose members are appointed.
On average, members of Parliament are elected every four
7. Canada’s economy• Natural resource industries include forestry, fishing, agriculture,
mining and energy. These industries have played an important part in
the country’s history and development. Today, the economy of many
areas of the country still depends on developing natural resources.
• Manufacturing industries make products to sell in Canada and around
the world. Manufactured products include paper, technological
equipment, automobiles, food, clothing and many other goods. Our
largest international trading partner is the United States.
• Service industries provide thousands of different jobs in areas like
transportation, education, health care, construction, banking,
communications and government. More than 70 percent of working
Canadians now have jobs in service industries.
8. THE END•`