Jemaah Islamiayh (JI)
1. Jemaah Islamiayh (JI)Pak Anastasiia
2. History of the organization• was founded in 1993 by Abu Bakar Baasyir and Abdullah Sungkar in Malaysia
• in 1998 JI moved to Indonesia
• has been conducting terrorist attacks since 1999
• has since expanded to Malaysia, Singapore, the Philippines, Australia,
Thailand, and Pakistan
• After the bombing in Bali in 2002, was listed by the UN on the list of terrorist
organizations associated with Al Qaeda and the Taliban.
4. Ideology and Doctrine• Ideology- Salafism
• Doctrine is based on five founding
1. iman (belief),
2. hijrah (emigration),
3. i’dad (preparation to struggle in the way
4. jihad (struggle in the way of Allah),
5. al wala wal bara (division of the world
into friends and enemies).
• JI’s ideology is influenced by al-Qaeda’s
5. Social, national, age, gender analysis of the participantsJI’s current membership isn’t known publicly, but was estimated in
2007 to range between 900 and several thousand members
6. “Myth”- story that cements the creation of this organization• JI’s roots can be traced to Darul Islam, a radical anti-colonialist movement
in 1940s Indonesia.
• In 1985 small factions fled to Malaysia to eventually regroup and rebrand as
• JI leaders adopted principles of Darul Islam to maintain a low profile in order
to avoid government retaliation.
• Mantiqi II
9. Structure• JI has lost its centralized origin
• JI has two major factions:
1. the structured faction- “trainors”
(ideological outreach, proselytization and recruitment)
2. the unstructured faction- “bombers”
10. International supportJI support contacts with both:
• international terrorist organizations
• and those in the region:
the Islamic Front for the Liberation of Moro
the Misuari Renegade Group (MRG / MBG)
the Philippine Movement Rajah Sulaiman ( RSM) and etc.
11. Financial sourses• islamic charities
• contributions from JI’s own members, outside supporters,
• Al Qaeda investments and accounts already established in
• proceeds from:
12. Goals and aimsThe main goal has two stages:
1. The first stage is the continuation of the goal of Darul Islam- the creation
of an Islamic state in Indonesia.
2. The second stage is to create an Islamic state that covers the whole of
South East Asia and include the countries of Singapore, Indonesia,
Malaysia, Brunei, southern Thailand and southern Philippines.
This Islamic state would be ruled by Shari’ah law (Muslim religious law).
13. Methods• crime
14. ActivitiesMajor attacks:
2000- several Christian churches across Indonesia
2002- a nightclub in Bali
2003- near a ferry terminal in the southern Philippines,
the JW Marriot in Jakarta
2004- near the Australian embassy in Jakarta
2005- Jimbaran Bay and Kuta, tourist destinations in Bali, Indonesia
2009- the JW Marriot and the Ritz-Carlton hotels in Jakarta’s business district
15. A degree to be discussed in Mass mediaCNN Philippines
Voice of America
Free Malaysia Today