Категория: Английский язык
Grammar and vocabulary verbals
1. GRAMMAR & VOCABULARYGRAMMAR
(неличные формы глагола)
2. VERBALS (неличные формы глагола)The Infinitive
3. VERBALS (неличные формы глагола)The Infinitive
“To be or not to be,
“The best part of
that is the
living is loving &
1. “Lose an hour in the morning, and you
will spend all day looking for it”
2. “Lost time is never found again”
4. VERBALS (неличные формы глагола)The Infinitive
e.g. Alison likes to
e.g. Alison likes
e.g. The girl reading a book is Alison.
The book read by Alison is very
Having read the book, Alison went for
5. Герундий The GerundГерундий – это неличная форма
как глагола, так и
существительного и всегда
выражающая действие как
e.g. I enjoy reading.
6. The Gerund is used:As a noun
e.g. Swimming keeps you fit.
7. The Gerund is used:After: love, like, enjoy,
dislike, hate, prefer
e.g. She likes going for long walks.
8. The Gerund is used:After go for activities:
e.g. They often go climbing at the
9. The Gerund is used:After prepositions:
e.g. He left without saying goodbye.
10. The Gerund is used:The Gerund is used:
After certain verbs:
admit, avoid, consider,
deny, fancy, imagine,
involve, look forward to,
mind, mention, regret,
risk, spend, suggest, etc.
e.g. Jessica spent all day shopping.
11. The Gerund is used:The Gerund is used:
After: be busy, it’s no use/good, it’s
(not) worth, what’s the use of…?,
can’t help, there’s no point (in),
can’t stand, have difficulty (in),
have trouble, have a hard/difficult
time,be/get used to,
e.g. It’s no use waiting for the bus. It
12. The Gerund is used:After the verbs: see, hear, feel, watch,
listen to, notice to describe an incomplete
action, that is to say that smb. saw, heard,
etc. only a part of the action.
e.g. I heard Jack talking on the phone.
(= I heard Jack while he was talking on the
phone. I heard part of the action in progress. I
didn’t listen to the whole conversation.)
e.g. I heard Jack talk on the phone. (= I heard
the whole conversation from beginning to end).
13. The Infinitivethe to infinitive
e.g. I hope to see
the bare infinitive
e.g. He can’t help
14. The to infinitive is used:To express purpose –
e.g. She went to the bank to get
After certain verbs (advise, agree,
appear, decide, expect, hope,
manage, offer, promise, refuse,
seem, want, afford, pretend, etc.) –
e.g. He advised me to apply for the
15. The to infinitive is used:after verbs such as know, decide,
ask, learn, want to know, remember,
etc. when they are followed by
question words (who, what, how,
where, etc.). ‘Why’ is followed by a
subject + V, not by an infinitive.
e.g. I can’t decide where to go.
I want to know why you have left
16. The to infinitive is used:After adjectives: nice, sorry, glad,
happy, willing, afraid, ashamed,
e.g. He is glad to be back.
After too & enough
e.g. She is too shy to talk to the
manager. We’ve got enough money to
buy a new car.
17. The to infinitive is used:After: it + be + adjective (+of
e.g. It was nice of him to help.
After: would like/ would love/ would
prefer (to express specific preference)
e.g. I would like to learn a foreign
After: only to express an unsatisfactory
e.g. He rushed to the back door only to
discover that it was locked.
18. Оборот Complex Object (сложное дополнение)e.g. I want to read this book.
I want you to read this book.
noun/pronoun + infinitive
Complex Object is used after: want, would like, expect
to become generous
19. The bare infinitive is used:After modal verbs (may, should, can, must, etc.)
e.g. You must study hard.
After the verbs let, make, see, hear & feel
(см. Complex Object # )
be made/be heard/be seen + to-infinitive (passive)
e.g. He was made to pay for the damage.
20. The bare infinitive is used:After had better, would rather
You had better sign the contract.
You would rather go home now.