THE SOUTHE KAZAKHSTAN STATE PHARMACEUTICAL ACADEMY “Medical biophysics and information technologies” department Theme: Use of
Virtual surgeries
The impact of technological innovations on our life:
X-Ray technology and radioactive
The used literature
Категории: ИнтернетИнтернет МедицинаМедицина

Use of multimedia technologies in medicine

1. THE SOUTHE KAZAKHSTAN STATE PHARMACEUTICAL ACADEMY “Medical biophysics and information technologies” department Theme: Use of

multimedia technologies in medicine
Student: Abdumajitova N.
Group: 108 GM “B”
Teacher: Khalmetov Z.S.

2. plan

Virtual surgeries
X-Ray technology and radioactive
The used literature

3. Introduction

Multimedia is content
that uses a combination
of different content forms
such as text, audio,
images, animations,
video and interactive
content. Multimedia
contrasts with media that
use only rudimentary
computer displays such
as text-only or traditional
forms of printed or handproduced material.

4. Categorization

Multimedia may be broadly divided into linear
and non-linear categories:
Linear active content progresses often
without any navigational control for the
viewer such as a cinema presentation;
Non-linear uses interactivity to control
progress as with a video game or self-paced
computer-based training. Hypermedia is an
example of non-linear content.

5. Usage/application

Multimedia finds its
application in various areas
including, but not limited to,
advertisements, art,
education, entertainment,
engineering, medicine,
mathematics, business,
scientific research and
spatial temporal
applications. Several
examples are as follows:

6. Medicine

In medicine, doctors can get
trained by looking at a
virtual surgery or they can
simulate how the human
body is affected by diseases
spread by viruses and
bacteria and then develop
techniques to prevent it.
Multimedia applications
such as virtual surgeries
also help doctors to get
practical training.

7. Virtual surgeries

This kind of virtual reality is most often used
in the training of surgeons in laparoscopic
procedures, as in reality it is not possible to
see the operation being performed. The
simulator uses a computer screen displaying
a three-dimensional graphic of the organs
being operated on. Various surgical tools or
gloves are connected to motion sensors and
haptic or tactile feedback mechanisms
where the user can physically feel the
difference in simulated tissue and organs.


The user can "perform surgery" upon the virtual
organs by manipulating the tools, which are also
displayed on the screen as the user moves them,
and the tools also provide force-feedback and
collision detection to indicate to the user when they
are pushing on or moving some organs or tissue.
By inputting data from computerized tomography
(CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
scans the patient can be replicated in the virtual
environment. The simulations can also provide
more intensive training activity with the introduction
of rare pathological cases and complications


However, the use of these
simulators has its limitations.
While significant gains have
been seen with their use in
novices, their effectiveness
diminishes as the procedure is
repeated with students
reaching a plateau. For more
experienced surgeons, the use
of these simulators have had
very limited use.

10. The impact of technological innovations on our life:

For example, the widespread
adoption of electronic health
records (EHR) has resulted in
significant savings in health
care costs as well as improved
patient health and safety. In
more and more healthcare
facilities, patient files are being
kept in databases that can be
accessed from anywhere in the
facility. This doesn’t only save
time but also results in better
data coordination and


It is also technological
innovation that has opened the
door to more non-invasive
procedures. Diagnostics have
never been easier and more
accurate, especially due to
advancements in areas like
nuclear medicine. Nowadays
numerous methods of imaging
allow technicians and
physicians to examine a
patient’s anatomy without
needing invasive procedures to
form a diagnosis.

12. Telehealth

Telehealth is health-related services or
information being delivered through
telecommunications technologies. This
can range from physicians speaking
amongst themselves, or to patients via
the phone, to robotic surgeries being
performed between facilities in different
parts of the world. In a time in which
medical additional payments increase in
cost, many corporations have begun to
encourage their employees to connect
more easily with physicians through
telehealth services. Also, for patients
willing to pay for convenience, virtual
visits via video increased in quality and
accessibility. Telehealth has grown to
focus not just on the curative aspects of
healthcare, but also to the preventative
and aspects of medicine.

13. X-Ray technology and radioactive

As technology has advanced, more ways have been
discovered to find out what's wrong with a patient without
having to cut him open. X-Ray technology and radioactive
dyes can often allow doctors to see inside a patient without
making a single incision. Tissue biopsy and other methods
can also be used to get small samples with minimal pain and
suffering. Less invasive surgeries are also possible with the
use of cameras and smaller incisions in the patient's body.

14. Conclusion

Healthcare advances have been
occurring at a rapid pace over the past
two decades. Advances in technology
have impacted all aspects of healthcare.
These advances are not limited to only
drugs and devices but may also include
new surgical procedures as well as new
applications of existing technology.

15. The used literature

1. Konstantinova, N.А., Mikheyev, I.D. Application of Multimedia for Activation of
Free Work of Students When
Learning Foreign Languages // Progress of Modern Natura Science. – 2008. – №
10 – P. 97-100
2. Tsaryeva, М.А. Cross-Cultural Communication and the Dialogue of Cultures:
monograph. - Khabarovsk: FESU, 2006.
3. Voyevoda, Ye. V. Didactic Principles of Application of Multimedia Technologies
in Higher School // Education in Russia: the materials of conference. – 2007. –
4. Korotkova, Ye. N. Multimedia of Mass Communication: Content and
Technologies //Proceedings of Russian state University named after A. I. Gertsen,
5. Mao, M. L. “A study on the Problems and Their Countermeasures of Multimedia
Teaching of College English,” Computer-Assisted Education Study, pp. 68-70,
February 2010.
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