Категория: Английский язык
Intermediary communicative types of sentences
1. Intermediary (mixed) communicative types of sentencesBlokh 2008: pp. 286-291
2. Intermediary communicative sentence models:• Statement – Question
• Statement – Inducement
• Inducement - Question
3. +•S Q
•Q S (Rhetorical question)
4. S QS Q
• “I wonder why they come to me about it.”
• “But surely I may treat him as a human
being.” – “Most certainly not” (B. Shaw)
• “I don’s disturb you, I hope, Mr. Cokane.” –
“By no means” (B. Shaw)
• “Wait a second, you haven’t told me your
address.” – “Oh, I’m staying…” (A.
5. Q S (= Rhetorical question)Q S (= Rhetorical question)
• Can a leopard change his spots?
• “That was my mission, you imagined. It was
not, but where was I to go?” (O. Wilde)
• How could I have ever thought I could get
away with it! (J. Osborne)
6. In living speech…• “How can a woman be expected to be
happy with a man who insists on treating
her as if she were a perfectly rational
being?” – “My dear!” (O. Wilde)
7. Rhetoric questions may be followed by a direct answer which only accentuates the declarative nature of the questions:• “What more can a woman desire in this
world?” – “Nothing more, I am quite sure.”
8. The answer may be given by the speaker himself…• “Who, being in love, is poor? Oh,
no one.” (O. Wilde)
9. A rhetorical question used as an answer to a genuine question:– Albina, are you
preparing a free talk
– Well, who else will?
10. FEEL THE DIFFERENCE:• Had she had what was called a complex
all the time? Or was love always sudden
like this? A wild flower seeding on a wild
wind? (J. Galsworthy)
12. S IS I
• You ought to get rid of it, you know.
• “You might as well sit down,” said Javotte.
• “And if you’ll excuse me, Lady Eileen, I
think it’s time you were going back to
bed.” The firmness of his tone admitted of
no parley. (A. Christie)
13. I SI S
• The Forsyte in him said: “Think, feel, and
you’re done for!” (J. Galsworthy)
• Talk of the devil and he will appear.
• Live and learn.
• Live and let live.
• Don’t cross the bridge till you get to it.
14. Imperative-interrogative type
15. I QI Q
• “Tell me about your upbringing.” –
“I should like to hear about yours.” (E.J.
• Please, tell me what I can do.
16. Q I (the reverse intermediary construction)Q I
(the reverse intermediary construction)
• I’m having a party tonight. Would you like
to come? (the speaker feels hopeful that his
interlocutor will accept the implied invitation)
• Can I take you home in a cab?
• And you will come too, Basil, won’t you?