History and philosophy sciences
1. S.SEIFULLIN KAZAKH AGRO TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY DEPARTMENT OF PHILOSOPHY (2708) History and Philosophy of Science Lecturer: AinurAbdina - Doctor of philosophical sciences,
Associate Professor of Department of Philosophy
2. Ainur Kanapiyanovna Abdina• 1991 - Belarusian State University, Philosophical
and Economic Faculty
• 1997 - Candidate dissertation "The problems of
philosophical anthropology: a tradition of
• 2007 - Doctoral dissertation "The Man in the
• 2013 - Research internship at the University of
• 2016 - esearch internship (UNESCO, France)
Syllabus and Training Complex
Lectures, seminars, and independent work
First intermediate control
Second intermediate control
4. Тheme 1. Introduction• The purpose of the lecture: identification and
formulation of the main goals, object and
subject of the course, the analysis of science
as a social institution, as well as the definition
of the phenomenon of science and its place in
5. Plan:• 1. Subject of the course "History and
Philosophy of Science."
• 2. Science as a social institution.
• 3. The place and role of science in culture:
scientism and anti-scientism.
• 4. The phenomenon of science as a subject of
special analysis: internalism and externalism.
6. Basic concepts:• the history of science
• the philosophy of science
• the components of science as a social
• scientism and anti-scientism
• internalism and externalism.
7. "History and Philosophy of Science""History and Philosophy of Science"
• 1. What is a science?
• 2. When formed a science?
• 3. Why do we need to know the history of
• 4. What is a purpose of science?
• 5. What is a correlation the concepts of
"philosophy" and "science"?
8. Euler diagramphilosophy
9. The purpose of discipline• to introduce graduate students to the
structure of scientific knowledge, the methods
of scientific research, the functions of
scientific theories and laws;
• expansion of their ideological outlook;
• the development of the style of scientific
10. Problems of the discipline• The study of the basic ideas and the results of
the philosophy and methodology of science;
• Knowledge of specific scientific research;
• Identification of the philosophical and
methodological problems of the study of
• Assistance to independent and critical
11. Object and Subject• The object of the course "The history and
philosophy of science" is science as a cognitive
activity, tradition, a social institution and as a
special sphere of culture.
• The subject of the course is the study of the
general laws of scientific knowledge in its
historical development and the changing
social and cultural context.
12. Science as a social institution• is a special, relatively independent form of
social consciousness and the sphere of human
activity, serving as a historical product of a
long development of human civilization,
spiritual culture, to develop their own styles of
communication and interaction of people,
forms of division of labor research and
standards consciousness of scientists.
13. As a social science institute includes the following components:• Combination of knowledge and their carriers;
• The existence of specific cognitive goals and
• The performance of certain functions;
• Availability of specific means of learning and
• To develop forms of monitoring, review and
assessment of scientific advances;
• The existence of certain sanctions.
14. Scientism• From the perspective of scientism, scientific
knowledge is the highest cultural value and
sufficient condition for human orientation in
the world. Ideal for scientism are the results
and methods of natural sciences. At the same
time scientism downplayed or even denied by
the social sciences as having no cognitive
value and rejected the humanistic nature of
• Anti-scientism underlines the limitations of
science, and in its extreme forms, interprets it
as a force alien and hostile to the true essence
of human virtue, destroying culture.
Methodological basis of anti-scientism is
absolutisation negative results of science and
technology (the aggravation of the ecological
situation, the danger of war, etc.)
16. Internalism• Internalism makes the emphasis on factors
related to the intrinsic nature of scientific
knowledge. Paradigms, methodological
programs and other ways to solve scientific
problems, in other words, its own cognitive
tools of science is an essential factor in its
development. Therefore, the main focus on
the study of science supporter’s internalism
directed to the description of actual cognitive
17. Externalism• Externalism considers that science arise due to
her external social, economic, political
circumstances. Therefore, the main task of the
science is the reconstruction of social and
cultural conditions and orientations of
scientific and cognitive activity at certain
stages of development of science.