the largest country of the
world. It occupies about
one seventh of the earth.
seas and 3 oceans:
•the Pacific Ocean
•the Arctic Ocean
•the Atlantic Ocean
million people. There are about
1030 towns and cities. Moscow is a
capital and the biggest city with a
population about 10 millions
China, Mongolia, Korea,
Kazakhstan, Georgia and
•In the west it boarders on
Norway, Finland, Belorussia and
We have steppes in the south,
plains and forests in the
central region, tundra and
taiga in the north, highlands
and deserts in the east.
Great Russian Plain and the West
Siberian Lowland. There are also
mountain chains on the territory of
the country: the Urals, the Caucasus,
the Altai and others. The larges
mountain chain, the Urals, separates
Europe from Asia.
deep lakes. There are over two
million rivers in our country. The
broad Volga River system is the
greatest historic, economic and
cultural importance to the
country. Volga is Europe’s biggest
river. The main Siberian rivers –
the Ob, the Yenisei and the Lena.
there are various types of climate:
from arctic in the north to
subtropical in the south. Winters are
cold and windy with a lot of snow.
Summers are rather hot and dry. In
Siberia the temperature in winter to
50 degrees below zero. (The coldest
registered temperature was 70
Russia is written by A.
Alexandrov and S. Mikhalkov. A
new national emblem is the twoheaded eagle.