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How to Take Care of Your Pet
1. How to Take Care of Your Pet
2. Having a pet is rewarding, but it can be hard work as well. If you are well prepared, do your research, and love your petunconditionally,
caring for a pet doesn't have to be back-breaking.
Read on to get some tips for supporting any
animal addition to your family.
3. Part 1 Preparing for a Pet
4. 1.Determine if you can adequately care for a pet
5. While pets are loving additions to your home, they are not always easy to manage. All pets require time, money, and love inaddition to the specific needs of
each animal and breed. You need to be sure you want
a pet not just that day but in the long-term. Most pets
require attention and maintenance during the day, so
make sure you'll be home enough to take care of your
pet. If you have kids, consider what pets will be kidfriendly. Hamsters and fish, for example, make great
early pets. If you plan on moving or making large
lifestyle changes you shouldn't consider a pet until
you are more stable.
6. 2. Choose a pet that fits your lifestyle
7. Even different types of dogs have different needs, so make sure you pick a pet that suits your means. Before buying a pet dothorough research on the
behaviors and needs of various pets you like. Don't go into this decision deadset on one species or breed - being open-minded can lead to happy surprises
and the right pet for your family. Keep in mind some general concerns with
- Dogs: though dogs vary widely by breed, all dogs need lots of attention,
time to exercise, and plenty of room to roam.
- Cats: intelligent and individual, cats will be fine with less supervision,
though they still need your love and time to keep from acting out.
- Hamsters, Gerbils, Ferrets, and Rodents: economical and short-living,
rodents make good first pets. They often, however, have strong odors.
- Fish: fish need careful monitoring and care to thrive, and won't cuddle
anytime soon. Think of having a fish like having a garden.
- Lizards: happy on their own and generally easy to care for, lizards do not
offer much affection and can be difficult to diagnose when sick.
- Birds: birds can be incredibly messy and are often loud. They are also
expensive and occasionally temperamental, especially bigger birds like
8. 3. Prepare your house for your incoming pet
9. Curious, food-driven, and unable to listen to your warnings, pets can get into trouble if you don't create boundaries or safespaces. Birds may dart out of open
windows, lizards can scamper around the house, and
dogs or cats may run into the street. Take note of
openings your pet could accidentally escape through and
make sure you can keep food out of their reach. Remove
any harmful objects like knives or poisonous food. If you
want your animal to have outside time, consider putting
in a fence. Put aside one room that you can designate as
the pet's "bedroom." Aim to adopt your pet during a
relatively quiet time in your life so that everyone can
avoid undue stress while getting used to each other.
10. 4.Buy necessary pet supplies in advance
11. Talk to the pet store attendants or adoption agencies about things you'll need housing, toys, grooming supplies, etc. and shopbefore you bring
your new pet home. Teach your family members
how to use everything so that everyone is on the
If you have young children you can help them
prepare for pet care by "feeding" a doll or regularly
12. Part 2 Caring for Pets
13. 1.Budget enough money for adequate care.
14. Pets are not ultra expensive, but that doesn't mean you won't need to spend money. Below are some annual cost estimates : Dogs- $600-$900, depending on size
Cats - $600
Rabbit - $700
Rodents - $300-$650, depending on size
Fish - $40
Small Birds - $400
Large Birds (Parrots, Macaws) - $700-$1,200
Set aside a few hundred dollars in case of emergency
15. 2. Schedule regular visits to the vet.
16. Be sure to bring your pet to the vet soon after adopting it as well. Just like humans, pets need regular check-ups to spotproblems before they become serious conditions.
Use your first visit to discuss how often you should
schedule check-ups and your pet's dietary and medical
needs. Be sure to schedule shots and vaccinations as soon
as you can. Ask your vet what symptoms to look for if
your pet gets sick. Spay or neuter dogs and cats to
prevent pet over-population. Record your vet's number
as well as the number of a veterinary hospital in case of
17. 3.Make sure your new "family member" has food that suits their nutritional needs.3.Make sure your new "family member" has food that
suits their nutritional needs.
18. The cheapest food you find may not always be the healthiest. Feeding animals table scraps - no matter how cute they are whenthey beg - is not a good idea since
people food often has minerals and items in it that can be
harmful to our animal friends. Only feed your pet
appropriate foods and give them responsible portions.
Research or ask your vet about good food sources and
portion sizes. Natural foods, though more expensive, are
healthier than dry or processed foods.
19. 4.Give your pet your affection and attention
20. Though this is certainly true of dogs and cats, even fish and lizards require dedication and love to really thrive. Animals aresocial beings much like humans,
and you need to set aside time to play with your pets
so they get exercise and mental stimulation. Give
your pet room to roam: the bigger the animal, the
more room they'll need. Buy toys and play-sets for
you and your pet to use together. Give your pet the
occasional treat after good behavior to motivate it
and cement good habits.
21. 5. Clean your pet and all of its enclosures
22. This will keep both you and your pet healthy and happy. Create a regular cleaning schedule, at least once every 2-3 weeks, andThis will keep both you and your pet healthy and happy.
Create a regular cleaning schedule, at least once every 23 weeks, and stick to it, cleaning your animal and its
living spaces to prevent disease and odor. For larger pets
like cats and dogs, there are animal cleaning centers with
large tubs and hoses. Keep up with regular grooming,
such as brushing fur or scrubbing scales, every few days.
For dogs and cats, make sure you keep their nails short
so they don't break painfully.
23. 6. Do in-depth research about care for your pet
24. While these steps are general guidelines for pet ownership, each animal is different and you need to adapt accordingly. Askfriends who
have similar pets, check out books from the
library, and search internet discussion boards
about your breed or species. You can never
know too much. Be flexible once you bring your
pet home. Pets have personalities and will have
different wants and needs.