1. M.V. Lomonosov(1711 – 1765)
Санкт-Петербург , 2013
2. M. LomonosovMikhail
Vasilievich was the
first Russian natural scientist
of world importance and
“Star of world science”. He
was actively engaged in
meteorology, and navigation.
advanced scientific theories to
Russia and advanced original
3. Early yearsHe was born in 1711
in the village of
in his honor).
Lomonosov, was a
4. Early yearsMisha often went with his father to the White Sea and
to the Arctic Ocean. At an early age Lomonosov was
eager to learn and read every book he could find.
5. EducationIn 1730, at the age of 19 the young man left his
home and went on foot to Moscow where he
managed to enter the Slavonic-Greek-Latin
Academy by falsely claiming to be a priest’s son.
6. EducationHis first years of study were difficult. He lived on
three kopecks a day, living off only black bread and
kvas, but Mikhail worked hard and made great
progress. He completed a twelve-year study course
in only five years, graduating at the top of his class.
7. EducationIn 1736, Lomonosov was awarded a scholarship to
Saint- Petersburg State University. He was rewarded
with a two-year grant to study abroad at the
University of Marburg, in Germany where he quickly
mastered the German language, and in addition to
philosophy, seriously studied chemistry.
8. Return to St-PetersburgIn 1745 Lomonosov was made a full member of the
Russian Academy of Science, and named professor
of chemistry. In 1748 he established the first
chemistry laboratory. He was eager to improve
Russia’s educational system, and on his initiative in
1755 the Moscow University was founded.
9. A physicistHe formulated the main principles of one of the basic
laws of physics — the law of conservation of matter
and motion. He also suggested the wave theory of
light, contributed to the formulation of the kinetic
theory of gases.
10. An astronomerHe invented the reflecting telescope. However, this
invention was not published until 1827. Lomonosov
was the first person to hypothesize the existence of
an atmosphere on Venus based on his observation
of the transit of Venus of 1761 in the small
observatory near his house in Petersburg.
11. A chemistLomonosov was the first person to record the freezing
of mercury. Believing that nature is subject to
regular and continuous evolution, he demonstrated
the organic origin of soil, peat, coal, petroleum and
12. A geographerHe tried to find a short sea route from the West to the
East across the Arctic Ocean. He theoretically
predicted the existence of Antarctica, got close to
the theory of continental drift and invented sea
tools which made writing and calculating directions
and distances easier.
13. An artistLomonosov was proud to restore the ancient art of
mosaics. In 1763, he set up a glass factory that
produced the first stained glass mosaics outside of
Italy. He was a talented artist. Among the best
mosaic pictures is the portrait of Peter the Great
and the Battle of Poltava.
14. A poetBesides, M. Lomonosov wrote poetry (odes and
verses). The first Russian grammar was written by
him as well. He published the History of Russia in
15. Last yearsAt the end of his life in 1764 Lomonosov was elected
honorary member of the Stockholm and Bologna
16. Last yearsLomonosov died in 1765 when he was only 54. He
was buried in the cemetery of Alexander Nevsky
17. Named after himMoscow State University was renamed ‘’M. V.
Lomonosov Moscow State University’’ in his honor in
1940. The Lomonosov Gold Medal was established
in 1959 and it is awarded annually by the Russian
Academy of Sciences to Russian and foreign
18. “The great son of Russia”M. Lomonosov is recognized as one of the outstanding
scientists in the world who made significant
contributions to literature, education, and science.
He is known as “The father of Russian Science” and
“The great son of Russia”.
19. M.V. Lomonosov(1711 – 1765)