Категория: Английский языкАнглийский язык

The basics of writing an essay



The structure of an essay is composed of several parts:
1.Header – name of an essay, which reflects the essence of an essay.
2.Introduction – 2-4 short sentences, which disclose the topic.
3.Main part – 2-3 paragraphs, which describe the point of an essay. In this
part is necessary to fully and correctly disclose the topic,produce reasons
and prove their.
4.Conclusion – 2-4 sentences, which summarize all. In this part should be
general conclusion.


It is accepted to provide
three main types of essays:
1.For and against essays – you should argue for and against concerning
any phenomenon
2. Opinion essays – you should to express their views, but also to look at the
proposed topic from different angles.
3. Suggesting solutions to problem essays – you should consider any global
problem or issue. Your task - to offer solutions.



1. It is necessary to adhere to the structure of the essay.
Determine the type of essay and the plan that you will write it. Then go
straight on items: the title - introduction - several paragraphs the main
part - conclusion.
2.Use the draft
Drafts must be used wisely. Right after getting the job, and exploring
the theme to outline their thoughts and arguments to them in the form
of short abstracts. This will not forget important ideas when writing
clean copy.


3. Determine the appropriate style
Стиль написания эссе на английском языке должен быть
полуформальным или формальным. Не используйте сленг и
сокращения слов, например, вместо can’t пишите can not, вместо
wanna — want to и т. п.
4.Argue the reasons
Every thought must be written not to sound unfounded. Reinforce
its arguments, a shining example, statistical data, and so on.


5. Use word-ligament
Parenthesis for essay - are important links that bind together
proposals, forming a logical chain of your thoughts. They will help
to unite the offer or display contrast, indicate a sequence of actions,
and so on.
6. Using a variety of vocabulary and grammar
Avoid repetition of words, using synonyms and complex grammar. Eat
complex designs and different times to express their thoughts.


7. Express thoughts correctly
It is important not to forget about the sensitivity of the unit. If possible, do
not touch the politics, religion and other "slippery" themes. If the job involves
consideration of some "painful" theme, to present his views and politely
tolerated. In this case it is better to stick to the formal tone and avoid violent
displays of emotion.
8. Write gently
Although you have to write your thoughts on the matter, but try not to
use part of the structure of the following form: "I believe that ..." "I know
that ...", etc. Write softer, for example.. "I think ...", "I think ..." - it sounds
more formally and correctly in relation to other people.



Introductory phrases for title
Many people think … but others do not agree. - Многие люди думают,
(что) ... , но другие нe согласны.
Let us consider what the advantages and disadvantages of … are. Рассмотрим, каковы преимущества и недостатки ... .
Let’s consider some pros and cons of it. - Давайте рассмотрим некоторые
плюсы и минусы (этого).
Let us start by considering the facts. - Начнем с рассмотрения фактов.
Let us start by considering pros and cons of it. - Начнем с рассмотрения
плюсов и минусов (этого).
It is generally agreed today that … - Сегодня общепризнано, что ... .


Introductory phrase to argue
To begin with, … - Начнем с того, что ... .
You can … - Вы можете (Можно) ... .
Firstly, ... / Secondly, ... / Finally, ... - Во-первых, ... / Во-вторых, .../
Наконец, ... One argument in support of ... - Один из аргументов в поддержку
The first thing that needs to be said is ... - Первое, что нужно сказать, это то,
что ... . (Прежде всего, следует сказать, что … .)
First and foremost … - В первую очередь … .
It is true that ... / clear that ... / noticeable that ... - Это правда, что ... / Ясно,
что ... / Примечательно, что ...
One should note here that ... - Здесь следует отметить, что ... .
Another good thing about … is that … - Еще один положительный момент
… заключается в (том, что) ... .
The second reason for ... . - Вторая причина ... .
It is often said that ... - Часто говорят, что ... .
It is undeniable that. - Нельзя отрицать, что ... .
It is a well-known fact that ... - Хорошо известно, что ... .


Introductory phrase to conclude
In conclusion, I can say that although … , … - В заключение я могу
сказать, что, хотя ... , ... .
To draw the conclusion, one can say that … - Подводя итог, можно
сказать, что ... .
So it’s up to everybody to decide whether … or not. - Так что
каждый должен решить для себя ... ли … , или нет.
The arguments we have presented ... suggest that ... / prove that ... /
would indicate that ... - Представленные нами аргументы ...
предполагают, что ... / доказывают, что ... / указывают на то,
что ... .
From these arguments one must ... / could... / might ... conclude that ... .
- Исходя из этих аргументов, надо ... / можно ... / можно было бы
... прийти к заключению о том, что ... .
English     Русский Правила