Nature Reserves Of Russia. Ussuri state Reserve V. L. Komarova
1. Nature Reserves Of Russia. Ussuri state Reserve V. L. KomarovaNATURE RESERVES OF RUSSIA.
USSURI STATE RESERVE V. L.
УЧЕНИЦЫ 10«А» КЛАССА
3. General informationGENERAL INFORMATION
The reserve is one of the categories of
specially protected natural areas of exclusively
Federal importance, completely withdrawn
from economic use in order to preserve
natural processes and phenomena, rare and
unique natural systems, plant and animal
The reserve was established in 1932 To
1973 was called Suputinsky. Located in
Ussuriisk and Shkotovsky districts in
Primorye. In 1972, the area was 16,547
hectares, and now expanded to 40,432
The reserve was created on the initiative of the outstanding botanist academician Vladimir
Komarov, who in 1913 drew attention to the unique flora and fauna in the upper reaches of
the Suputinka river. The abundance of representatives of the Manchurian flora, the diversity
of forest communities led scientists to believe that it is necessary to create a reserve. The
main direction in the study of ecosystems in the reserve is the protection of species of
animals and plants listed in the "Red book of Russia".
The relief is low, formed by the southern
spurs of Sikhote-Alin (Przhevalsky mountains).
The height of the mountains does not exceed
300-400 m above sea level. only some peaks
rise up to 600-700 m.
In the Northern part of the reserve there are
limestone outcrops forming a picturesque rock
massif (Snake mountain with the famous cave
"Sleeping beauty" in the middle reaches of the
On the territory of the reserve is located the
upper part of the pools of two small mountain
rivers with a length of about 100 km each. In the
North it is the artemovka river, which flows into
the Ussuri Bay of the sea of Japan, and in the
South — the Komarovka river, the left tributary
of the Razdolnaya river. In summer, during the
monsoon rains on the rivers are flooding.
The reserve is dominated by forest
vegetation, forested area 99% of
The most widespread coniferousdeciduous forests. Above the belt
of coniferous-deciduous forests
there are areas of fir-spruce
In the reserve also grows cedar,
pine, spruce, rare species of birch,
Linden, walnut, poplar, ash and
rare species of willows.
There are different types of mosses,
lichens, fungi, algae.
Fine-leaved mock orange
Chinese Magnolia vine
The rare species listed in "Red book of Russia" are solid juniper, ginseng real,
kalopanax seven-bladed, prinsepia Chinese, gustotsvetkovy pine and taxus.
The animal world of
the Ussuri taiga is
unique. It is home to
raisins, wild boar,
badger, colon, protein,
many species of poitz
including rare. The
Amur tiger, leopard of
the far East, Mandarin
duck, black stork,
Triton of the Ussuri,
rare species of beetles
and unique butterflies
are listed in the" Red
book of Russia".
Newt clawed Ussuriisk
Ussuri reserve is a unique natural complex, where unique species of animals and
plants are protected by the state. Scientists from all over the world will be interested
in this reserve.
Nature is our wealth! We must work together to protect and preserve our nature!