Republic of Ireland
Geografical Position
Famous People
Категория: ГеографияГеография

Republic of Ireland

1. Republic of Ireland

Done by 10-1 students:
Archipova Ksenia
Gulyaev Ivan
Kiselyova Ksenia
Kovalev Roman
Mamedova Ayla
Flag of Republic of Ireland

2. Content

1.Geografical Position
4.Famous people

3. Geografical Position

Ireland is an island in Northwestern Europe in the
north Atlantic Ocean. The island lies on the
European continental shelf, part of the Eurasian
Plate. The island's main geographical features
include low central plains surrounded by coastal
mountains. The highest peak is Carrauntoohil
which is 1,041 meters above sea level. The
western coastline is rugged, with many islands,
peninsulas, headlands and bays. The island is
bisected by the River Shannon, which at 360.5 km
with a 102.1 km estuary is the longest river in
Ireland and flows south from County Cavan in
Ulster to meet the Atlantic just south of Limerick.
There are a number of sizeable lakes along
Ireland's rivers, of which Lough Neagh is the
largest.The only country Republic of Ireland has a
land border with is Northern Ireland.The capital of
Ireland is Dublin. Republic of Ireland is washed by
Keltic sea.

4. Population

The population of the Rubuplic of Ireland is
approximately 4.75 million people. Although
this is a significant growth over recent years, it
is still some way below the record high of the
early 1840s. Between 1700 and 1840, Ireland
experienced rapid population growth, rising
from about 3 million in 1700 to over 8 million
by 1840 In 1851, after the famine, the
population of Ireland had dropped to 6.5
million people. The Great Famine and the
emigration caused a dramatic effect, by 1871,
Ireland's population had dropped by over a
third to four million, and by 1926 had reduced
further to three million. It held firm around
three million until the early 1970s, when the
population began to rise again. Future
predictions are for the population to continue
to rise until 2031 when it is predicted to be just
over five million. The population of Dublin is
1347567 people. The Irish Constitution
describes Irish as the "national language", but
English is the dominant language. At the time
of the 2016 census, the number of non-Irish
nationals was recorded at 535,475. The five
largest sources of non-Irish nationals were
Poland, the UK, Lithuania, Romania and Latvia

5. Economy

Ireland has a mixed economy. The constitution provides that the
state shall favour private initiative in industry and commerce,
but the state may provide essential services and promote
development projects in the absence of private initiatives.
Thus, state-sponsored (“semistate”) bodies operate the
country’s rail and road transport, some of its television and
radio stations, its electricity generation and distribution system,
and its peat industry. State companies also are active in the
fields of air transport and health insurance. The advent of a
single European market in the 1990s encouraged many of these
enterprises to privatize and become more competitive. Ireland’s
high-technology sector—made attractive by a very low 12.5
percent corporate tax rate— spurred economic growth during
the 1990s and helped reduce unemployment to historically low
levels. The economic boom, during which the country’s growth
was more than double that of most other EU countries, gave rise
to the country’s being labeled the “Celtic Tiger.” By 2001,
however, the benefits of new jobs created by foreign direct
investment via multinational corporations had begun to slow.
Still focused on high growth, Ireland’s political leadership and
its banking sector turned to the mortgage and construction
industries to maintain growth. By 2008 it had become clear that
much of the growth in banking and construction was a bubble
without capital to back it. Collapse soon followed, and Ireland
went into a deep economic recession for several years. A bailout
of the Irish financial system by the European Union (EU) and the
International Monetary Fund (IMF) in 2010 was accompanied by
requirements for deep austerity cuts that further dampened
prospects for the domestic Irish economy. Ireland had benefited
in the 1990s and early 2000s from a combination of low tax
rates and responsive social programs; however, both
contributed to the significant budget challenges that came as a
result of the 2008 financial collapse.

6. Famous People

Conor McGregor is an Irish professional mixed martial artist who is currently signed
with the ‘Ultimate Fighting Championship’ (UFC). He is the former ‘UFC’ lightweight
and featherweight champion. Over the course of his career, he has competed as a
featherweight, lightweight, and welterweight participant. Also a skilled professional
boxer, he has achieved most of his victories due to knockouts or technical knockouts via
punches. He started his mixed martial arts (MMA) career in 2008, and within a few years
won two titles—Cage Warriors Featherweight and Lightweight Championships, which he
held simultaneously before he vacated them to sign with ‘UFC.’ He is known for being in
the biggest pay-per-view draw in MMA history, and he lives an extravagant lifestyle. In
2016, he got into the ‘Forbes’ top 100 highest paid athletes list—the first MMA fighter to
do so—and ranked 85th in the list. After winning the lightweight championship, he took
some time off from ‘UFC’ prior to the birth of his first child in May 2017.
Oscar Wilde was a noted Irish playwright, novelist, poet and essayist, born in the
middle of the nineteenth century into an intellectual family. While studying in Trinity,
Dublin, he was influenced by the aesthetic movement, which advocated that art must
be practiced only for the sake of art and soon became one of its ardent followers.
Although his very first book, ‘Poems’ established him as an upcoming poet, he tasted
real success only in the last decade of his relatively short life. But by then, despite
being married with two sons, he had become entangled in a homosexual relationship
and when that came into light, he was sentenced to two-year rigorous imprisonment. On
coming out of prison, he went to France, where he spent the last years of his life, cut
off from his family and shunned by most of his friends. By then, his books had also
stopped selling and his plays were closed down. Thus he lived in poverty and ill-health
till he died aged just forty-six.
Cillian Murphy
is a theatre and film actor from Ireland. He rose to prominence with
his sublime performances in both independent and mainstream films. Despite beginning
his career as a rock musician, he declined a record deal and focused on his acting
instead. He made his debut on the stage in 1996 as Darren in Enda Walsh’s play ‘Disco
Pigs’. His performance received critical recognition and he continued to hone his skills
portraying one interesting character after another at Dublin and London’s theatre
scene. Soon enough, film offers started to pour in. One of these led to his first
collaboration with Danny Boyle in the post-apocalyptic film ‘28 Days Later’. Since then,
he has garnered a reputation for playing volatile characters. While he does have a
thriving career in movies, he has shown deep reluctance to forego the stage for it. In
the last fifteen years, he has been part of some of the most audacious, iconic and
influential projects in the history of cinema. He worked again with Boyle in ‘Sunshine’,
played the vicious antagonist opposite Rachel McAdams in ‘Red Eye’, and teamed up
with Christopher Nolan for The Dark Knight Trilogy, ‘Inception’, and ‘Dunkirk’. In 2011,
he was chosen as the patron for the UNESCO Child and Family Research Centre at the
National University of Ireland Galway.
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